News & Press Releases

Senior Housing Occupancy Rate Increases for Eight Consecutive Quarters

Despite continued gains, occupancy still falls short of its pre-pandemic level 

ANNAPOLIS (July 6, 2023) –The senior housing occupancy rate for the NIC MAP Primary Markets increased to 83.7% in the second quarter of 2023, up 0.6 percentage points from the first quarter and marking eight consecutive quarters of increases, according to data from NIC MAP Vision analyzed by the National Investment Center for Seniors Housing & Care (NIC).  

The occupancy rate increased 5.9 percentage points overall from a pandemic low of 77.8% in the second quarter of 2021 but remained 3.4 percentage points below the pre-pandemic level of 87.1% in the first quarter of 2020. 

The number of occupied units increased 0.9% in the second quarter, while total units for senior housing grew by only 0.2%. Compared with year-earlier levels, inventory increased by 1.3%, the smallest since 2012. 

“Continued solid demand for senior housing, paired with relatively slow growth in inventory, has contributed to the current occupancy recovery,” said Caroline Clapp, NIC’s senior principal, Research & Analytics. “This is the longest period of occupancy rate gains NIC has ever observed, yet occupancy is still below where it was at the start of the pandemic.”  

Units under construction amounted to 4.9% of total existing senior housing inventory, down 2.8 percentage points from the high of 7.7% recorded in the fourth quarter of 2019. It is the lowest level of construction since 2014.  

“Higher interest rates and challenges obtaining financing have continued to slow construction starts activity,” said Chuck Harry, NIC’s chief operating officer. “This bodes well for continued improvement in the occupancy rates over the next couple of years, as new inventory coming online will remain limited.”  

NIC experts note that occupancy at assisted living properties is recovering faster than occupancy at independent living properties likely due to the more needs-based demand of assisted living properties: 

  • The assisted living occupancy rate increased to 82.0% in the second quarter of 2023, up 0.8 percentage points from 81.2% in the previous quarter. This is 2.5 percentage points below its pre-pandemic level of 84.5%. 
  • The independent living occupancy rate increased to 85.4% in the second quarter of 2023, up 0.3 percentage points from 85.1% in the previous quarter. This is 4.2 percentage points below its pre-pandemic level of 89.6%. 

Boston (89.0%), Baltimore (87.5%), and Portland, Or. (86.9%) had the highest occupancy rates of the 31 metropolitan markets that comprise the NIC MAP Primary Markets. Houston (78.7%), Cleveland (80.8%), and Atlanta (80.9%) recorded the lowest. Houston was the only primary market with an occupancy rate below 80%. 



A summary of the NIC MAP Market Fundamentals Data, by NIC MAP Vision, is below. The Market Fundamentals report will be available at 4:30 p.m. ET on Thursday, July 6, 2023. 


 About the National Investment Center for Seniors Housing & Care

The National Investment Center for Seniors Housing & Care (NIC), a 501(c)(3) organization, works to enable access and choice by providing data, analytics, and connections that bring together investors and providers. The organization delivers the most trusted, objective, and timely insights and implications derived from its analytics, which benefit from NIC’s affiliation with NIC MAP Vision, the leading provider of comprehensive market data for senior housing and skilled nursing properties. NIC events, which include the industry’s premiere conferences, provide sector stakeholders with opportunities to convene, network, and drive thought-leadership through high-quality educational programming.  For more information, visit NIC’s website and follow NIC on Twitter, LinkedIn, and Facebook. 

About NIC MAP Vision

NIC MAP Vision maximizes access, choice, and quality in senior housing by providing data, analytics, and services to industry stakeholders and partners. We are the only intelligence provider exclusively dedicated to senior housing. As the industry’s gold standard for market analytics data, we are trusted by the largest government agencies, 18 of the 20 largest senior housing operators, and most of the largest investors and owners. Every day, thousands of industry professionals use our data platform and proprietary tools to make smarter decisions about where to grow, how to grow, and how to bring a strategy to life. For more information, visit 

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