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The Impact of AI on Seniors Housing and Care Workforce Shortages

In today’s business environment, seniors housing and care leaders can often access capital through a phone call or a single meeting. They can develop strategy on a weekend leadership retreat. When it comes to solving workforce issues, however, no easy solutions have arisen, leaving the industry with a constant problem that just doesn’t seem to be going away any time soon.  

When you look to the future there may be many companies five to ten years from now with access to lots of capital and terrific strategic plans – but who won’t have the people to execute. We’re seeing that even now in local markets, where providers and investors are tabling certain projects because they just can’t find the workforce. Couple that with the often-observed fact that new projects are often staffed by workers cannibalized from existing local communities and you drive up wage rates, while simultaneously raising the costs associated with losing valued workers to competitors. 

I recently had the pleasure of attending the Milken Institute 2019 Global Conference in Los Angeles, to present on the NIC-sponsored “Forgotten Middle” study that has the seniors housing industry discussing innovative solutions to serve this large and fast-growing market. While I was there I had the opportunity to hear from some of the world’s leading thought-leaders, policy makers, and business executives. Although a number of the sessions I attended were not focused on the future of aging and seniors housing and care, the perspectives and insights I heard will certainly bear on the sector, particularly regarding workforce and culture in the industry. 

What I heard at the Milken Institute provides hope that there’s a viable solution to the sector’s workforce challenges sitting right under our noses, while adding an additional wrinkle to how I believe the sector should approach meeting its staffing requirements. 

One session I found particularly fascinating was “AI Past and Future: A Conversation with David Siegel and Kai-Fu Lee.” Moderated by Bloomberg Businessweek’s Joel Weber, the co-founder of tech investment manager Two SigmaDavid Siegel, discussed the challenges and opportunities AI offers for individuals, companies, and societies with Kai-Fu Lee, one of the world’s leading authorities on artificial intelligence – and a highly accomplished figure in the world of tech business. 

Lee talked about AI, explaining how over the next 10-20 years many routine functions will be replaced by AI-enabled technologies. Human beings currently working in back office functions, assembly line work, and truck driving occupations, for example, will become obsoleteIn a different session, I’d heard about those truck drivers. Truck driving, a middle-class job providing a decent living to millions, is one of the top jobs in 32 states. As autonomous vehicles and drones come on line, most of those jobs are likely to go away, lost to the superior performance of computers, sensor tech, and AI. 

Mr. Lee was talking about all these assembly line workers, clerical staff, and drivers, and how we need to repurpose and retrain them right now. When Weber, the moderator, pushed for examples, I was shocked to hear Lee’s immediate response. He said you have to differentiate between routine, mechanized tasks and creative, or human interaction work. The area he gave as an example was elder care. China will overtake everyone in terms of how fast they age, and there’s an awareness of the scale of the problem of caring for their elders, many of whom have only one child to care for themLee expressed his belief that folks who have worked in routine assembly tasks will find personal gratification in the way they can make a difference in people’s lives, particularly as they move into jobs that require personal interactions, and caring for the personal needs of fellow human beingsHis point was that those jobs that require human interaction will be the least likely to be replaced by AI-enabled tech; and his first thought was elder care. 

What do we do with all these truck drivers, whose average age is 47? Imagine the sight of a burly 47 year old truck driver doing lifts and transfers for frail seniors, or a 57 year old grandmother providing care and companionship rather than doing clerical tasks. There is a fantastic opportunity for someone who’s spent 20 or 30 years on assembly lines, or in a drivers seat, and who knows their job will be replaced, and who finds the idea of learning new technical skills to oversee the processes they used to do themselves unappealing. You do not need a lot of schooling to work in seniors housing and care. Retraining should be relatively simple, efficient, and quick. There is plenty of need within the seniors housing and care sector, which can also offer the satisfaction of human connection – and of helping to improve lives.  

This workforce is not 25 years old. Many will be in their 40s and 50s and will have gained enough life experience to value not only a new means to make a living – but to make a difference. Perhaps we’re not thinking out of the box just going after young people. We may be missing huge opportunity under our noses. At the very moment in which seniors housing and care faces a burgeoning need for workers, millions of workers will be out of their jobs, displaced by technologyThey will be mature and will have the benefit of years of life experience. Many will be attracted to the idea of making a difference in someone’s life, and to the idea that they can bring joy to others as they work. That human connection provides value in both directions.  

If the word spreads in states like Ohio, Indiana, and Wisconsin, where manufacturing plants will go idle and trucking jobs will become automated, we may benefit from a massive workforce shift – and improve the lives of many more Americans than we may have ever anticipated. 


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